Announcing Rust 1.43.0

Apr. 23, 2020 · The Rust Release Team

The Rust team is happy to announce a new version of Rust, 1.43.0. Rust is a programming language that is empowering everyone to build reliable and efficient software.

If you have a previous version of Rust installed via rustup, getting Rust 1.43.0 is as easy as:

$ rustup update stable

If you don't have it already, you can get rustup from the appropriate page on our website, and check out the detailed release notes for 1.43.0 on GitHub.

What's in 1.43.0 stable

This release is fairly minor. There are no new major features. We have some new stabilized APIs, some compiler performance improvements, and a small macro-related feature. See the detailed release notes to learn about other changes not covered by this post.

item fragments

In macros, you can use item fragments to interpolate items into the body of traits, impls, and extern blocks. For example:

macro_rules! mac_trait {
    ($i:item) => {
        trait T { $i }
mac_trait! {
    fn foo() {}

This will generate:

trait T {
    fn foo() {}

Type inference around primitives

The type inference around primitives, references, and binary operations was improved. A code sample makes this easier to understand: this code fails to compile on Rust 1.42, but compiles in Rust 1.43.

let n: f32 = 0.0 + &0.0;

In Rust 1.42, you would get an error that would say "hey, I don't know how to add an f64 and an &f64 with a result of f32." The algorithm now correctly decides that both 0.0 and &0.0 should be f32s instead.

New Cargo environment variable for tests

In a move to help integration testing, Cargo will set some new environment variables.

This is easiest to explain by example: let's say we're working on a command line project, simply named "cli". If we're writing an integration test, we want to invoke that cli binary and see what it does. When running tests and benchmarks, Cargo will set an environment variable named CARGO_BIN_EXE_cli, and I can use it inside my test:

let exe = env!("CARGO_BIN_EXE_cli");

This makes it easier to invoke cli, as we now have a path to it directly.

Library changes

You can now use associated constants on floats and integers directly, rather than having to import the module. That is, you can now write u32::MAX or f32::NAN with no use std::u32; or use std::f32;.

There is a new primitive module that re-exports Rust's primitive types. This can be useful when you're writing a macro and want to make sure that the types aren't shadowed.

Additionally, we stabilized six new APIs:

Other changes

There are other changes in the Rust 1.43.0 release: check out what changed in Rust, Cargo, and Clippy.

Contributors to 1.43.0

Many people came together to create Rust 1.43.0. We couldn't have done it without all of you. Thanks!