Announcing Rust 1.79.0

June 13, 2024 · The Rust Release Team

The Rust team is happy to announce a new version of Rust, 1.79.0. Rust is a programming language empowering everyone to build reliable and efficient software.

If you have a previous version of Rust installed via rustup, you can get 1.79.0 with:

$ rustup update stable

If you don't have it already, you can get rustup from the appropriate page on our website, and check out the detailed release notes for 1.79.0.

If you'd like to help us out by testing future releases, you might consider updating locally to use the beta channel (rustup default beta) or the nightly channel (rustup default nightly). Please report any bugs you might come across!

What's in 1.79.0 stable

Inline const expressions

const { ... } blocks are now stable in expression position, permitting explicitly entering a const context without requiring extra declarations (e.g., defining const items or associated constants on a trait).

Unlike const items (const ITEM: ... = ...), inline consts are able to make use of in-scope generics, and have their type inferred rather than written explicitly, making them particularly useful for inline code snippets. For example, a pattern like:

const EMPTY: Option<Vec<u8>> = None;
let foo = [EMPTY; 100];

can now be written like this:

let foo = [const { None }; 100];

Notably, this is also true of generic contexts, where previously a verbose trait declaration with an associated constant would be required:

fn create_none_array<T, const N: usize>() -> [Option<T>; N] {
    [const { None::<T> }; N]

This makes this code much more succinct and easier to read.

See the reference documentation for details.

Bounds in associated type position

Rust 1.79 stabilizes the associated item bounds syntax, which allows us to put bounds in associated type position within other bounds, i.e. T: Trait<Assoc: Bounds...>. This avoids the need to provide an extra, explicit generic type just to constrain the associated type.

This feature allows specifying bounds in a few places that previously either were not possible or imposed extra, unnecessary constraints on usage:

  • where clauses - in this position, this is equivalent to breaking up the bound into two (or more) where clauses. For example, where T: Trait<Assoc: Bound> is equivalent to where T: Trait, <T as Trait>::Assoc: Bound.
  • Supertraits - a bound specified via the new syntax is implied when the trait is used, unlike where clauses. Sample syntax: trait CopyIterator: Iterator<Item: Copy> {}.
  • Associated type item bounds - This allows constraining the nested rigid projections that are associated with a trait's associated types. e.g. trait Trait { type Assoc: Trait2<Assoc2: Copy>; }.
  • opaque type bounds (RPIT, TAIT) - This allows constraining associated types that are associated with the opaque type without having to name the opaque type. For example, impl Iterator<Item: Copy> defines an iterator whose item is Copy without having to actually name that item bound.

See the stabilization report for more details.

Extending automatic temporary lifetime extension

Temporaries which are immediately referenced in construction are now automatically lifetime extended in match and if constructs. This has the same behavior as lifetime extension for temporaries in block constructs.

For example:

let a = if true {
    &temp() // used to error, but now gets lifetime extended
} else {
    &temp() // used to error, but now gets lifetime extended


let a = match () {
    _ => {
        &temp() // used to error, but now gets lifetime extended

are now consistent with prior behavior:

let a = {
    &temp() // lifetime is extended

This behavior is backwards compatible since these programs used to fail compilation.

Frame pointers enabled in standard library builds

The standard library distributed by the Rust project is now compiled with -Cforce-frame-pointers=yes, enabling downstream users to more easily profile their programs. Note that the standard library also continues to come up with line-level debug info (e.g., DWARF), though that is stripped by default in Cargo's release profiles.

Stabilized APIs

These APIs are now stable in const contexts:

Other changes

Check out everything that changed in Rust, Cargo, and Clippy.

Contributors to 1.79.0

Many people came together to create Rust 1.79.0. We couldn't have done it without all of you. Thanks!